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AJ (A-2) Savage

Role

Bomber

National origin

United States

Manufacturer

North American Aviation

First flight

3 July 1948

Introduced

September 13, 1949

Primary user

United States Navy

Number built

143

Variants

A2J Super Savage

The North American AJ Savage (later A-2 Savage) was a carrier-based bomber aircraft built for the United States Navy by North American Aviation. The original contract was awarded in June 1946, first flight 3 July 1948, and the plane entered service in 1949.

Design and development

The AJ Savage was a large composite-powered carrier-borne Attack Bomber designed to deliver nuclear ordnance. It also performed photo reconnaissance duties and later on was used as an aerial refuelling platform. The North American AJ-1/2 and AJ-1/2P Savage aircraft were in a number of USN Heavy Attack Composite squadrons from 1948–1956, as well as in several Photographic Reconnaissance squadrons. The Heavy Attack versions were the first nuclear bomb carrying bombers able to be launched from and recovered on aircraft carriers. The date of its inception was a time where the US Navy was faced with procuring the nascent jet engine, while still having to rely upon the simple yet well proven reciprocating engine. Jets at this time were unreliable and used large quantities of fuel; however, once they were developed, they produced performance that no piston engine could ever provide. A compromise was made to include in the Savage two Pratt & Whitney R-2800 piston engines, with a large turbocharger fitted inside each engine nacelle. This combination made it possible for the R-2800 engines to produce rated power (2,500 hp/1,864 kW) up to 42,000 ft (12,802 m) altitude. An Allison J33 turbojet was fitted in the rear fuselage. Interestingly, both engine types used the same fuel. The piston-turbojet arrangement was intended to give added power on take-off and extra dash speed while in combat. At high altitude, this 'boxy' looking (but aerodynamically very clean) airplane was remarkably fast - more than 460 mph (740 km/h), when the jets of that era were not very much faster.

The first production Savage flew in May 1949, with the first carrier landing of the type taking place on the USS Coral Sea on 31 August 1950.

Early model Savages (AJ-1) were converted to the air tanker role, with the bomb bay filled with all the necessary equipment, including hoses, fuel pumps, electric power drive, and the drogue. Additional fuel was provided in drop tanks. AJ-1 tankers were used to refuel John Glenn's F8U Crusader during the Project Bullet transcontinental speed record flight.

The AJ-2 first flew on 19 February 1953 and had uprated engines and a taller vertical stabilizer and non-dihedral tailplane.

The AJ-2P was the photographic reconnaissance version of the Savage. It carried photo-flash bombs for night missions, with most of the plane's 18 cameras being operated automatically. It was capable of night and low-level reconnaissance. The -2P also had additional fuel capacity.

Variants

XAJ-1
Prototype with two 2,300 hp (1,715 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-2800-44 radial engines and one Allison J33-A-19 turbojet, three built.
AJ-1 (A-2A)
Initial production version with two 2,400 hp (1,790 kW) R-2800-44W radial engines and one J33-A-10 turbojet, 55 built survivors re-designated A-2A in 1962.
AJ-2 (A-2B)
Updated production version with two 2,500 hp (1,864 kW) R-2800-48 radial engines and one J33-A-10, taller fin slightly longer fuselage and increased fuel capacity, 55 built, with surviving AJ-1s, up to 42 aircraft, updated to AJ-2 spec. Survivors re-designated A-2B in 1962.
AJ-2P
Photo-reconnaissance version of the AJ-2 with array of cameras, 30 built.

Operators

 United States
  • United States Navy
    • VAH-15 13 July 49
    • VAH-16
    • VJ-61/VAP-61
    • VJ-62/VAP-62
    • VC-5/VAH-5
    • VC-6/VAH-6
    • VC-9/VAH-9
    • VC-7/VAH-7
    • VC-8/VAH-11

Survivors

A-2B Savage 130418 is displayed at the National Museum of Naval Aviation at Naval Air Station Pensacola at Pensacola, Florida

Specifications (AJ-1) 

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Length: 63 ft 1 in (19.2 m)
  • Wingspan: 71 ft 5 in (21.8 m)
  • Height: 20 ft 5 in (6.2 m)
  • Wing area: 836 ft (78 m)
  • Empty weight: 27,558 lb (12,500 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 47,000 lb (21,363 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 50,954 lb (23,161 kg)
  • Powerplant:
    • 1 Allison J33-A-1 turbojet, 4,600 lbf (20 kN (in tail))
    • 2 Pratt & Whitney R-2800-44W radial engines, 2,400 hp (1,790 kW (on wings)) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 471 mph (409 kn, 758 km/h)
  • Range: 1,630 mi (1,416 nmi, 2,622 km)
  • Service ceiling: 43,000 ft (13,100 m)
  • Rate of climb: ft/min (m/s)
  • Wing loading: 63.2 lb/ft (309 kg/m)
  • Power/mass (prop): 0.091 hp/lb (150 W/kg)
  • Thrust/weight (jet): 0.087

Armament

  • Bombs: 12,000 lb (5,400 kg)




























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